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News.

"What's new at ADIRE in 2012"

"Production projects in 2012"
Renewable Energy Workshop & Science Fair by rural are school children
Health care clinic
"The ADIRE Celebrated Earth Day on April 22nd "
ADIRE adopted a new village Sathiathikiri, Jajpur district, Orissa.
JAN 2011 
Green WOW (Women on Wheels) Introduced first electric car run by village women
Geography Quiz, English Spelling Competition and Adividya School Annual Day
Annual Sports 2011
Village kids on a Field trip


 

Energy & Fuel

To provide the basic energy needs of people in rural areas through renewables in a cost effective and environment friendly manner

Electricity and Cooking Fuel Problems

Around seventy percent of India’s residents live outside major cities. The rural poor cannot afford the costs related to the initial electricity connection, house wiring, and appliances to benefit from electricity. Also, utilities companies routinely disconnect feeders connecting to low-paying rural and agricultural loads during peak periods and force their few rural paying consumers to get electricity only during off-peak periods

Similar problems lie with the cooking needs of the people in villages. Cow dung and low cost wood are widely used as cooking fuel. But the fire and smoke from cow dung create health hazards, and the indiscriminate cutting of trees for firewood creates environmental problems. In many households, school-going kids spend their time collecting fuel wood to help their mothers and, as a result, drop out of school.

Due to the subsidization of kerosene by the Government, some people use kerosene lamps for lighting and a kerosene stove for cooking, adding to the overall environmental health problem.

ADIRE's Solution through Renewable Energy : Solar & Bio power

Solar Lantern & Home Lighting System

In Dec 2003, ADIRE introduced solar energy in Jahangirabad village. In order to demonstrate solar power to the villagers, one solar light was donated to the village temple and one solar home system was installed in the village primary school. Later, twenty more solar lanterns were provided to poor families with school-going girl children, in order to lessen these girls’ burden of household work, like collecting fuel for cooking, cleaning kerosene lamps etc., and to encourage them to go to school.

The solar lanterns that were introduced cost approximately Indian Rs. 3500 per lantern. Rural people normally do not have so much cash at any given time to spare. So the lanterns were given to people through micro credit. People had the flexibility to pay their loans in interest-free monthly installments within five years, either in cash or in labor for village developmental work. Monthly installments were calculated based on the households’ existing average monthly spending in subsidized kerosene lamp fuel.

In addition to the lanterns for households, one Solar Lighting System supporting two lights and one fan was installed in the local primary school, which previously had been running without electricity. Currently (2011), AdiVidya Mandir school with five classes runs completely on solar-powered fans, lights, laptops and projectors.

Two local youth are trained on solar light maintenance who closely monitor the performance of the village solar systems.

Solar power for community use: Street Lights and Solar powered Community Center

Since 2007, ADIRE has focused on solar powering community streets, buildings, and schools where individuals from poor households can learn basic education as well as skills. Community members found this to be more useful than individual home lighting. Once children learned to read and adults learned to produce modern marketable products, the need for in-home evening lights, as well as families’ ability and willingness to pay for these, increased.

As in most cases throughout India, the government attempted to improve quality of life in local communities by providing highly subsidized kerosene and grid lights, thus retarding the commercial success of solar lighting. Despite the reduced wholesale market price of solar panels, retail suppliers do not supply cheap panels, and the government does not provide the same matching subsidies towards their purchase in villages, as it provides towards kerosene and grid power. Household solar electrification now depends on the removal of government subsidies to the traditional, unsustainable competitors (kerosene and grid) or the provision of matching grants toward solar systems from aid agencies and private donors.

ADIRE has continued the solar electrification of learning and production centers, as grid electricity is too unreliable to run LED lights, internet, laptops, and projectors. Despite all of the constraints detailed above, 5 solar street lights, 3 buildings, and 4 shops in the village now run on solar systems to maximize the bang for the buck and provide the opportunity of modern electricity to as many villagers as possible. The chance of a healthy, educated, and productive lifestyle is available to each community member, in part made possible by these modern facilities. In 2010 ADIRE adopted another village Sathiathikiri in Jajpur district of Orissa where 4 street lights were installed. More such opportunities will be provided to 10 surrounding villages as soon as ADIRE gets more funding and an expanded number of households see the value of reliable, portable solar systems.

 Biogas, Biomass and Solar Cooking

Regarding cooking needs, six individual biogas plants were locally constructed for six village households. A large biogas digester for a village cafeteria was also installed. This community biogas plant is a part of womens’ bio cooperative program, and was completed in Mar 2007. It was used to supply fuel for AdiVidya Mandir school kitchen for two years. To empower and encourage the use of biogas, ADIRE extended no-interest loans to initial15 women for purchasing cows in early 2006. The women were to earn money by selling milk or milk products and to use the cow manure for biogas cooking. A bio-cooperative was formed in August 2006 among few of the women who are being sponsored by SHAMA WELL (Women Empowered through Living Loan) program. The bio-cooperative encourages others in the community to use biogas as cooking fuel.

A small village cafe is also now being constructed near this digester which was planned to start by Sept 07 but has been delayed for want of adequate feedstock for the bio-digester. A cow farm is expected to be operational on private funding to provide regular manure to the digester and café will be operational with the combination of clean cooking stoves using cleaner biogas, biomass, and solar energy.

In 2011, the effectiveness of solar cook stoves for rural household cooking is being tested. 6 stove models from 3 companies as well as homemade models are being used by JABAKA women in their homes, measuring specs including cost, efficiency, and appropriateness for traditional recipes. When the groups of women have identified the best stove model through on-site testing, ADIRE plans to offer the microcredit allowing villagers to invest in stoves for their households. ADIRE staff may also train villagers in the local production of stoves. The possibility of making a solar cooker to meet the needs of a community kitchen is also in the pipeline. . .